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How does NFP Affect Gold


October 18, 2021
How does NFP Affect Gold

Non-farm payrolls report, or NFP, is an employment report released monthly by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics. It analyses the change in US employment, with the exception of non-profit organizations, private household employees, government employees, and farm employees.

The economic report data in non-farm payrolls affect price movements for the USD, US treasuries, US equities, gold, and other common assets in the financial markets. Read on to discover how Nonfarm payrolls affect prices of gold, forex market, and currency markets.

What is the NFP Report?

It analyses the monthly number of new jobs added to the United States economy. It comprises data regarding the unemployment rates, the average hourly earnings, the industries hiring and dismissing staff, and other essential employment metrics.

The Significance of the NFP Report

This report is a crucial economic measure because it shows the primary market conditions impacting the United States economy. Being a consumer-driven economy, wage gains and labor market health directly affect consumer health. If wages rise and the employment rate is high, individuals are happy and will most likely spend their income. This spending, as a result, boosts the broader economy.

How to Read the NFP Report

The ideal way to read this report is to wait for alterations to be made and estimates to be finalised. It’s often advisable to assess the trend of NFP numbers instead of the numbers themselves. If possible, it’s essential to evaluate the trend of the 12-month average of job gains. In general, the 12-month average measures the significance of other data in the job’s reports.

The average hourly wage amounts and rate of unemployment are other imperative data in the NFP. The headline payrolls figures are open to adjustments, so it’s recommended to track them over time. The economy is in good shape if wages are high and the rate of unemployment is low.

The Best Trading Strategies for NFP Data

When it comes to day trading based on NFP data, most successful traders use near-term news and long-term trend strategies to boost their trading opportunities. Trading via the long-term perspective is one of the most widely used trading strategies. This technique entails using NFP data to assess or regulate the trend, significant market turning points, and fluctuations in trends.
Suppose the NFP has a positive trend and displays signs of strengthening above the twelve-month average. In that case, the crucial trend of the financial markets is bullish. However, one should only follow bullish signals if they are available on a price chart.

When trading using the short-term news, traders need to ask themselves whether NFP figures are better or worse than the rate forecasts and whether they conform or counter the market expectation. A problem with this trading day strategy is that NFP sometimes fails to offer economic rate hikes that move the market.

In reality, the two trading guides are similar. An investor needs a thorough understanding of the long-term price pattern and why the present NFP is less or more essential than other NFP reports to benefit from near-term expectations. Confirmations of expectation and fluctuations in trends offer the best signals.

Gold as an Investment

For many centuries, gold reserves were the key factor behind the value of money. However, this changed in 1971 when the market abandoned gold for a fiat currency system. Since then, individuals have started to use it as an investment. This precious metal is regularly seen as a commodity, and unlike other currencies, it’s independent, and no country regulates it. All in all, the United States macroeconomic conditions influence gold prices.

Gold is seen as a precious commodity, and investors follow its price throughout the stock markets. Often quoted in USD (XAU/USD), the cost of gold tends to rise as bonds and stocks weaken. Gold tends to hold its value over time , making it a dependable, safe-haven for market participants.

NFP and Gold

Gold traders need to know that “There is no well-defined long-term relationship between the price of gold and job gains”, says Arkadiusz Sieron of Sunshine Profits.

Nonetheless, IMF Working Papers indicates that, in the short term, employment figures impact the price of gold. Typically, this is good news for the United States labor market and negative for gold. On the actual day of release of NFP data, the prices of gold and other valuable metals, such as silver, tend to weaken.

The situation is reversed in case the labor market gives bad news. Notably, the Federal Reserve’s short-term interest rates and monetary policy implications determine how traders react. A strong jobs report shows the US economy is growing, which is bullish for the prices of gold.

Nonetheless, the relationship between the prices of gold and NFP figures is far from being conclusive. For instance, following the spread of the global coronavirus pandemic, the report indicated a decline in employment rates, yet the prices of gold remained low.

How NFP Impacts Gold

The NFP report affects gold due to its impact on the USD. Should there be a sign of physical or industrial demand within an economy, a positive NFP supports the prices of gold. On the other hand, one can expect the prices of gold to move differently to the USD concerning the labor information.

The Impacts of NFP Data on the Dollar

The USD is the obvious asset impacted by the NFP report. As an economic indicator and inflation measure, NFP comes with a bearing on interest rates that can move the dollar. The USD displays some bullish behaviour when NFP is trending positively.
Tradeable assets impacted by the NFP release include the USD/EUR, USD/JPY, USD/CHF, GBP/USD, and other USD denominated currency pairings. When trading in the currency market following the NFP release, it’s sensible to consider inflation concerns, inflation expectations, market volatility, major news from Central Banks, fundamental analysis, and the Dollar technical analysis.

The Bottomline

The NFP report is unquestionably crucial monthly data that investors can use when making trading decisions. Also, it is one of the toughest to incorporate in trades. Although it contains plenty of essential data, the information on the trend of wage inflation, the trend of job growth rates, and the trend of unemployment is by far the most important that investors can grasp.

Which is the Best Investment Platform?

Traders can trade the NFP data across their preferred asset classes by joining Tixee, a regulated CFD and forex online broker. Get started today, and get access to a wide range of tradable assets on the award-winning MT5 platform.


Disclaimer: This article is not investment advice or an investment recommendation and should not be considered as such. The information above is not an invitation to trade and it does not guarantee or predict future performance. The investor is solely responsible for the risk of their decisions. The analysis and commentary presented do not include any consideration of your personal investment objectives, financial circumstances or needs.

Risk Warning: Our products are traded on margin and carry a high level of risk and it is possible to lose all your capital. These products may not be suitable for everyone and you should ensure that you understand the risks involved.

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